Gilt-head bream

Sparus Aurata

The Gilt-head (scientific name: Sparus aurata) is a fish of the bream family Sparidae found in the Mediterranean Sea and the coast of the North Atlantic. The bream and sea bass are the most nutritional valuable fish in the Mediterranean as are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

It commonly reaches about 35cm. in length but may reach 70cm. It has silver color with a characteristic black spot at the end of the gill cover. It has a gold bow between eyes and red cheeks (gill-coatings). Is strongly convex profile, oval and tall body.

The bream is common in Mediterranean and Atlantic coast from United Kingdom to Senegal. Found over sandy bottoms at depths of 0-30m. They are carnivores and occasionally feeds plants. They feed on mollusks including mussels and oysters. It survives in large variations of salinity and water temperature. It lives both in sea and estuaries and lagoons.


Breams are protandrous hermaphrodite fish that they born as males and turn to females in the second year of their life.